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Vocal Nodule: Its Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Vocal Nodule: Its Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

What is Vocal Nodule? A vocal nodule, also known as a vocal fold nodule or a vocal cord nodule, is a hard, rough but non-cancerous and benign growth on the vocal cord. The size of a vocal nodule can be as small as a pinhead or as large as a pea. Vocal nodules can change the way your voice sounds. Vocal folds are located inside your larynx or the voice box. As you talk, air moves from the lungs through the vocal folds to your mouth, thus making your vocal folds vibrate. This vibration caused in the vocal folds produces sound, and only then is your speech audible. If you have vocal nodules or vocal polyps in your vocal folds, they would act as a  barrier, hence affecting and distorting the natural vibration of the folds or even make them really hard to vibrate. This results in abnormal voice changes and other voice problems.   What’s the Difference Between Vocal Nodules and Vocal Polyps? Vocal nodules are generally bilaterally symmetrical white masses which are formed at the midpoint of the vocal folds. These are benign or non-cancerous. However, they can cause abnormal voice changes. On overusing your voice or using it in the wrong way, your vocal folds might swell. These swollen spots might become stiffer and larger if you continue to abuse your voice, thus forming a callous (a thickened or a hardened part of the skin or soft tissue). A callous is formed in an area of the […]

5 Speech Therapy Tips to Help a Child with Autism

After your child is diagnosed with Autism, your child specialist has probably told you to go for a speech therapy and it is one of the best treatment methods to begin with. It is because a speech therapy programme plays a key role in autism treatment. Joining a good programme can change your child’s life completely. Why is Speech therapy Necessary in Autism treatment? One of the common problems that affects a child with autism is communication impairment, and therefore, speech therapy is one of the most important step to start an early intervention in autism treatment. To begin with, visiting a professional and certified Speech Language Pathologist (SLP) at any recognised speech therapy centre in Kolkata is the first and foremost step that you as a responsible parent must take. So once your child is diagnosed with autism, don’t waste time in thinking much or giving ears to rumours such as ‘My child’s behavioral abnormalities will be cured as he grows up!’ No it won’t! The sad part is autism can never be cured completely – it can only be treated and controlled up to a certain limit! No don’t panic! Having autism doesn’t mean your child’s future is in dark! He/she can still lead a better quality of life and can achieve success in the days to come. So it is your responsibility to start a treatment early – because given the right opportunities at the right time can encourage your child and make him self-confident – a […]

Activities to Encourage and Promote Speech and Language Development at Home

You are a parent of a 2 year old baby or above and you are having a hard time teaching your kid speech and language skills! But don’t worry! There are many easy techniques which would help your child learn speech and language skills in an enjoyable manner. So follow these few tips and watch your kid use words well and gradually to form whole sentences! The most common techniques used by mothers are parallel talk and self-talk. It is the most effective method and is recommended by professional speech language pathology in Kolkata, as it promotes good speech and language development skills. Parallel talk refers to that technique in which the parent describes what the child is doing or seeing. In other words, the parent acts as a broadcaster – he/she describes the child’s activities without expecting a response or asking any questions. For example, if the baby is playing with a toy car, you can say, “My baby is playing with his favourite yellow car. Now you are turning the key and look how fast your car is going!” Self-talk is another strategy where a parent describes what he or she is doing – without expecting a response from the child. For example, if you are writing the letter ‘W’, you say, “I start here and go down here, and again I go up, down and up again.” The idea behind these techniques is that the child will learn by associating several things – and above all – […]

Living with Aphasia : Tips for Talking to People With Aphasia

Can you imagine a world without speech? Can you imagine how it would be without being able to speak? Imagine a life where you cannot express your emotions which you are desperately trying to! Imagine a life where you are not being able to participate in all those intellectual discussions and debates, where you are not able to get a chance to share your opinions. Or imagine a life where you cannot read out bedtime stories to your grandchildren! Now just imagine the scene when you are having to see your loved one suffer and struggle painfully through this situation. You probably feel nostalgic about the good old days when you used to share beautiful moments with your loved one who is now missing all those wonderful activities due to Aphasia. At the same time you are not sure what to do to help your loved one move out of this condition. This is what is like living with Aphasia. Life isn’t very easy for you having to live like this, without getting the essence of such beautiful things on this earth, especially if you are a stroke survivor and is suffering from Aphasia. As you already might be knowing, Aphasia is a language disorder in which a person’s ability to communicate gets affected. In other words, it is the inability to comprehend or formulate language, or both, due to damage in the specific centres of the brain responsible for the production of language and speech. Aphasia symptoms ranges from […]

7 Speech Therapy Ideas to Try at Home

While there are so many recognised and experienced Speech Language Pathologists (SLPs) at almost every recognised speech therapy clinic in Kolkata to help you out with the speech disorders of your child, one important thing to keep in mind is that you as a parent has a lot of responsibilities! You are the best teacher of your child! How to do Speech Therapy at Home! There are certain tips which have been proven effective and are being recommended by professional SLPs worldwide. These fun activities are not only interesting but have been fruitful as well in improving your child’s communication skills – Don’t have the TV on in the background while speaking with your child! Spend quality time with him or her, and make sure there are no distractions. Having a one-to-one conversation in a quiet room is a good idea. Keep the child focussed and engaging. Make the conversation funny and playful. Skilled SLPs at any recognised speech therapy clinic in Kolkata suggest that, while teaching something, you can try doing it in a rhythmic sing-song way – this will make things interesting and easily comprehensive for the child. Teach your child how to use gestures. Gestures allow a child to express themselves better with the help of hand movements. Sometimes, a child might fall short of appropriate words, and therefore might find it difficult to explain certain things. So, even though your child can speak, if not well, but quite better – you must combine using gestures along […]

The Singer’s Diet – What to Eat!

In the previous blog: The Singer’s Diet – What NOT to Eat , we have seen which diets are the enemies of your voice! In this one, let us take a look at its friends – that is, what diets will really be helpful for your voice! What to Eat! Here’s what you can enjoy in the hours before your show – Fresh Fruit – Speech Language Pathologists (SLPs) at any recognised voice disorder treatment clinic in Kolkata always suggest taking fresh fruits rather than consuming their juiced versions. It is because whole fruits have more nutritional value than their juices, as juices generally tend to contain sugar which will wear you out soon! Chicken & Fish – These food items are rich in protein – they are a lean source of protein. Protein is very essential for singers – it will keep you going for hours! Vitamin A – Vitamin A keeps your mucous membranes healthy. So it is always recommended by Speech Language Pathologists at any well-known voice disorder treatment clinic in Kolkata to have Vitamin A rich foods – which include carrots, sweet potatoes, apricots, spinach, kale, eggs and meat. Nuts – Nuts have proved to be great snacks for singers before a show. If possible, opt for the unsalted or the lightly salted ones – because salt tends to dry up your throat! So it is advised to wash the salt down with room temperature water. Room temperature water – Staying hydrated is the key for […]

The Singer’s Diet – What NOT to Eat!

Singing causes a great deal of vocal stress and exertion, especially when that is someone’s profession. It requires on the part of the singer to take care of his or her precious voice! Following a proper diet chart is the main key to maintain and preserve good vocal health! While there are diets that are a MUST in your diet chart, there are, however, certain diets which might have a negative effect on your voice! So professional speech therapists at any clinic dealing with voice therapy in Kolkata set certain do’s and don’ts when it comes to having a proper and well-balanced diet – which will be voice-friendly! What NOT to Eat! Not all foods are healthy for your vocal cords, especially when you are getting ready for a show! In fact, there are a very few foods which actually help your vocal cords! If you cannot give up eating all of them, at least do not take them within 3 hours before your show. Here is the list of foods recommended by Speech Language Pathologists (SLPs) at centres providing services in voice therapy in Kolkata, which are bad for your vocal health – Dairy products – Dairy products like milk, cheese, yoghurt and others are an absolute NO NO before your show, because your body goes through a hard time breaking them down. In most of the cases it causes acid reflux which comes up to your esophagus and causes burns in the vocal cords.   Processed Sugar – […]

5 Tips to Prevent Speech and Language Disorders

It is a good news that a majority of the speech and language problems could be prevented. You as a responsible parent or caregiver of the child should follow these preventive tips so as to keep speech and language disorders at bay: Avoid alcohol and smoking during pregnancy. According to speech therapists at a clinic for speech therapy in Kolkata, the intake of alcohol and nicotine affects the foetus, and hampers its proper development. Do not neglect or abuse your child. It is harmful for the child’s speech and development. Paediatricians and speech pathologists at renowned centres for speech therapy in Kolkata are of the opinion that breastfeeding is very important for the child till 9 months of age. Keep your child away from gadgets – these prevent intellectual growth of the child. Engage your child in real-life games instead, and spend as much time with him/her as possible and communicate with him/her often. According to speech therapists at recognised clinics for speech therapy in Kolkata, the child’s environment also contributes a lot. If a child is grown up in a chaotic surrounding or a negative atmosphere, he/she is likely to have speech or language disorders, because his/her brain is affected with negative thoughts. Therefore, you as a responsible caregiver of your child should keep in mind the above preventive measures for speech and language disorders. You must, however, remember that there is no magical solution for preventing your child from speech and language delays or disorders, and there can […]

Types of Speech Disorders: Causes and Management

Are you or your child facing speech and other communication problems for some time and you are clueless about how did it occur, what to do and whom to consult? Don’t panic! Your problems can easily be cured!   My Child is Still not Showing Signs of Speaking! There are many children who develop speech and language problems at a critical age. The first few years is very crucial for a child to learn and develop communication skills. It is because the synaptic density – that is, the neural interconnections – is the maximum at the age of 2-3 years, which means that the learning capability of the child attains its peak point at this time. So it is very important for you as the parent of a child with speech or language difficulties to intervene into the matter as early as within first 3 months of age, and to start a proper treatment at a recognised speech therapy clinic in Kolkata as early as possible. If a child is deprived of a good hearing health, then he/she might suffer from delayed speech problems. So it is your responsibility to make sure that your child is given full access to the hearing world and at the appropriate time, delaying which will result in a delay of all the major developmental skills necessary for the child. Therefore, you must participate in early intervention programs to diagnose if there is any hearing disorder present in your child. Hearing loss is a major […]

Puberphonia : Causes and Treatment

Have you ever come across a person, especially a male person having a female-like voice, and worse still, have you ever bullied or made a bad joke for his having such an adolescent voice? If you have, STOP NOW! The person might be suffering from a more serious medical complexity. Don’t make it so difficult for the person; he is already having a hard life! And if you are the one suffering from such a voice disorder, and is facing such awkward situations in your day-to-day life, then you are probably suffering from Puberphonia! Do not panic, as it can be cured completely, and you will soon be having an attractive voice, which everyone would love to hear! What is Puberphonia? Puberphonia is a type of voice disorder which is characterised by the habitual and continuous use of prepubertal high-pitched voice of a child even after puberty. In other words, according to many Speech Language Pathologists at any renowned voice disorder treatment clinic in Kolkata, Puberphonia is the inappropriate persistence of adolescent, and often female-like voice even after one has attained puberty. This condition is also known as mutational falsetto or functional falsetto. Incidence and Prevalence Puberphonia, sadly, is commonly seen in males more than females. It is uncommon in females because the laryngeal growth spurt normally occurs in males. According to studies, the incidence of Puberphonia in India is about 1 in 900,000 people of the total Indian population. What are the Common Signs and Symptoms? People suffering from […]

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